The government of Optima, a small developing country which cannot affect world prices, wishes to achieve self
sufficiency in food so that domestic production is enough to cover caloric needs. At present, food is imported while Coffee is
exported. If self sufficiency involves producing at least X units of food at home where X is more than the current production
levels. The Finance Minister proposes attaining self sufficiency by putting a tariff on imports of food and raising the tariff
until the country is self sufficient. The Minister for Agriculture suggests a subsidy to the production of food. He argues
that this would not hurt consumers and so is the best way for production to be raised and the least cost way of attaining
self sufficiency as defined above.
(i) Draw the demand and supply of food as a function of the domestic price of food keeping the price of coffee fixed,
the imports of food and label the point X .
(ii) The equilibrium with the Finance minister’s proposal.
(iii) The equilibrium with the Agriculture minister’s proposal.
(b) Assuming that welfare is the sum of consumer surplus, producer surplus and net government revenue what is the
change in welfare
(i) For the Finance Minister’s proposal being implemented.
(ii) The Agriculture Minister’s proposal being implemented.
(iii) What is your recommendation to the government?
(c) How is your answer related to the principle of targeting?
(d) If it was very costly to raise revenue, how would your answer be affected?
(e) Suppose the target was to import no more than DF . What would the optimal policy be? Explain the intuition behind